Citations

THE PROBLEM

[1] Ward, Lisa. "Urgent Water Notice!" Urgent Water Notice. City of 
Toledo, 2 Aug. 2014. Web. 
http://toledo.oh.gov/news/2014/08/urgent-water-notice/
[2] Goldenberg, Suzanne. "Farming Practices and Climate Change at Root 
of Toledo Water Pollution." The Guardian. N.p., 3 Aug. 2014. Web. 
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/03/toledo-water-pollution-farming-practices-lake-erie-phosphorus
[3] Obenour, Daniel, Drew Gronewold, Craig Stow, and Donald Scavia. 2014
Lake Erie Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB). Experimental Forecast: This 
product represents the first year of an experimental forecast relating 
bloom size to total phosphorus load. N.d. Raw data. N.p. 
http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/res/Centers/HABS/lake_erie_hab/LakeErieBloomForecastRelease071514.pdf
[4] "Detroit River-Western Lake Erie Basin Indicator Project." EPA. 
Environmental Protection Agency, 11 Dec. 2011. Web. 
http://www.epa.gov/med/grosseile_site/indicators/algae-blooms.html
[5] Ciborowski, Jan. "INVASION OF ZEBRA MUSSELS AND QUAGGA MUSSELS - 
STATE OF THE STRAIT - Status and Trends of Key Indicators." (n.d.): n. 
pag. EPA. Web. 
http://www.epa.gov/med/grosseile_site/indicators/sos/dreissena.pdf
[6] Butler, Ned, James C. Carlisle, Regina Linville, and Barbara 
Washburn. "MICROCYSTINS: A Brief Overview of Their Toxicity and Effects,
with Special Reference to Fish, Wildlife and Livestock." Office of 
Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (2009): n. pag. OEHHA. Web. 
http://oehha.ca.gov/ecotox/documents/microcystin031209.pdf

BACKGROUND

Basic Biology

[1] "Virginia Recreational Water Guidance for Microcystin and 
Microcystis Blooms." (n.d.): n. pag. The Division of Environmental 
Epidemiology. Web. 
http://www.vdh.state.va.us/epidemiology/DEE/HABS/documents/VDHMicrocystisGuidance.pdf
[2] "Microcystis: Toxic Blue-Green Algae." OEHHA (2009): n. pag. Feb. 
2009. Web.
http://oehha.ca.gov/ecotox/pdf/microfactsheet122408.pdf
[3] Oberholster, PJ, A-M Botha, and JU Grobbelaar. "Microcystis 
Aeruginosa : Source of Toxic Microcystins in Drinking Water." 
Microcystis Aeruginosa : Source of Toxic Microcystins in Drinking 
Water | Oberholster | African Journal of Biotechnology. African 
Journal of Biotechnology, 2004. Web.
http://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/14935
[4] Lee, Jane J. "Driven by Climate Change, Algae Blooms Behind Ohio 
Water Scare Are New Normal." news.nationalgeographic.com. 
National Geographic, 4 Aug. 2014. Web.
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/08/140804-harmful-algal-bloom-lake-erie-climate-change-science/
[5] "Detergent Phosphates : A Sustainable Detergent Component." 
www.ceep-phosphates.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 
http://www.ceep-phosphates.org/files/Document/phosphates1_engl.pdf

In-depth Biology

[1] "Algae." University of Colorado Boulder. N.p., 31 Jan. 2007. Web. 
http://autocww.colorado.edu/~flc/E64ContentFiles/AlgaeAndFungi/Algae.html
[2] "Chromalveolata." Biocyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2015. 
http://www.eplantscience.com/index/lua/chromalveolata.php

The Great Lakes

[1] "Lake Erie Basin." Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy for New York. N.p., n.d. Web. 
http://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/wildlife_pdf/lkerietxt.pdf
[2] "Lake Erie Facts and Figures." Lake Erie Facts and Figures. GLIN, 
n.d. Web.
http://www.great-lakes.net/lakes/ref/eriefact.html
[3] Stuart, Reginald C. "HMS "Detroit": The Battle for Lake Erie."
Journal of the Early Republic 12.1 (1992): 128-29. Www.IJC.com.
International Joint Commission. Web. 
http://www.ijc.org/files/publications/2014%20IJC%20LEEP%20REPORT.pdf
[4] "Facts." Lake Erie Waterkeeper. Lake Erie Waterkeeper Inc., n.d. 
Web.
http://www.lakeeriewaterkeeper.org/lake-erie/facts/
[5] "Lake Superior." www.seagrant.wisc.edu. University of Wisconsin 
Sea Grant Institute, n.d. Web.
http://www.seagrant.wisc.edu/home/Default.aspx?tabid=591
[6] "Lakewide Management Plans." EPA. Environmental Protection 
Agency, n.d. Web. 
http://www.epa.gov/greatlakes/lakemich/intro.html

 

SOLUTIONS

Prevention

[1] "Public Interest Center." Ohio EPA. N.p., n.d. Web. 
http://epa.ohio.gov/pic/PublicInterestCenter.aspx#150798514-reduce-storm-water-pollution-and-runoff

[2] "Storm Water Program." The City of Toledo, n.d. Web. 
http://toledo.oh.gov/services/public-utilities/environmental-services/water-resources/storm-water-program/

 

 

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